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History of Lancashire

This is a summary in date order of the information contained within the Victoria History of the County of Lancaster. It was published in 1906 and consists of eight volumes describing the inhabitants of the county which was taken from actual documentary evidence. References are to Volume 4 of History of Lancashire unless otherwise stated
1650 - 1699
1650 Richard Holt of Ashworth mentioned re. Horwich church/chapel (p8).
Robert Holt of London purchased the old chapel of St Marys at Singleton in Kirkham(vol.7 p187)
1651 Peter Holt`s son Roger heir on his death (p136).
1654 Robert Holt purchased the manor of Adlington with lands in Adlington, Anderton and Blackrod (vol 6)
1657 Leyland Hundred, had 2 flagons bearing the arms of Holt of Shevington, dividing a long inscription, "Alexander Holt esq., citizen and Goldsmith of London,gave these 2 flagons of silver to the parish of Standish where he was born ..." The second chalice is inscribed "given to the parish church of Standish,...by Edward Holt, late of Shevington, decd.1677". Also there were cover patens. The one of 1677, the gift of James Holt, is 9 in. in diameter with the arms of Holt in the centre with a martlet for difference. Around the arms is incribed "Ex dono Jacobi Holt ...Edward Holt..." details vol. 6 p187.
1657 Peter Heywood died. His wife had lands in Rochdale and Stidd, the inheritance of her former husband Theophilus Holt (p139).
1662 John Holt shown on Survey of Deadwenclough as renting land - as in 1609. George Holt appears in survey of Harley Head and Bacup. (vol 6)
1664 A pedigree recorded concerning Robert Holt (p224).
1665 Little Mitton in Whalley was purchased by Alexander Holt, goldsmith of London, of the Gristlehurst family. This descended to the Beaumonts who later sold it.(For a description of hall see p389 vol 6). A pedigree in Whittaker outline is Alexander Holt - Robert-Alexander - William d.1737 -> daughter Elizabeth d 1791 married to Richard Beaumont.
1666 Heap - Roger Holt had 7 of the largest dwellings at Heywood. Also at Heywood all branches of cotton spinning and manufacture, and iron and brass foundries existed. At Heap Bridge there were paper, woollen and cotton mills (p136). Holt of Gristlehurst held 13 hearths in Burtle with Bamford (p174). At Middleton, Ashworth only had 32 hearths liable to tax, but, Richard Holt`s dwelling had 12 of them (p177). Robert Holt had 11 hearths in Wardle and 15 in Castleton (p189). Mr ? Holt at Shevington had 6 hearths - there were only two others in the township with more ie 9 and 7(vol 6).In the Whalley area , of 22 hearths, 11 were in Alexander Holts house (vol 6) Thomas Posthumus Holt and Anne his wife granted the manors of Forton and Spotland to trustees who in 1667 conveyed them to the tenants.(vol 8 p107)
1667 Richard Holt died - buried at Middleton. Ashworth left to his son Robert who died without issue (p179).
1673 Robert Holt died heir was younger son James (p224).
1674 John Holt of Manchester was a calenderer in the bleaching, finishing and dyeing industry from the earliest records.
1676 Francis Holt exercised the right of patronage at the church of St Saviour at Stidd, but on the decay of the family and apparent extinction of the manor the vicar of Ribchester seems to have become the patron (vol 7 p60) James Holt inherited Castleton in 1676 (he was a brother of Robert Holt who dies in 1673 see 1640 entry) James was a fellow of Brazenose College Oxford BA 1667, MA 1670.
1677 James Holt settled manors Naden, Chesham and lands in Hundersfield (p224). Isabel Holt, daughter of Robert of Castleton and Stubley married Sir Richard Atherton (vol 3).
1678 Thomas Posthumus Holt died in poverty having squandered his whole estate - pedigree 1664-5 (p175). Alexander Holt a London goldsmith said to be his cousin.
1682 Roger Holt died and Bridge Hall went to his brother John (p137). James Holt ,brother in law of Sir Richard Atherton, presented at Queens college Cambridge as guardian of John Atherton a minor. (Also in 1690 will of Sir Richard -vol 3)
1685 6 Feb 9 John Holt of Gray’s Inn, recorder of London (at Whitehall by the king)
1686 Fine recorded William Daniel v Robert Holt , manors of Little Mitton and Catterall(vol 6 Whalley, vol.7p322).
1689 Sir John Holt, Judge and Lord Chief Justice (1642-1710) son of Sir Thomas Holt of Grays Inn descended from Holts of Gristlehurst. He was active in inviting William of Orange to England and became Lord Chief Justice of the King’s Bench in 1689. He was involved in deciding the succession of William and Mary as follows:-

"The solution found - a bizarre pretence that, by leaving the country as he did, (King) James had by implication abdicated - was eventually put forward by the Whig jurist Sir George Treby, and supported by others of that ilk, like John Somers and Sir John Holt." (p.257-258 Ref Stuart England by J P Kenyon, Penguin Books Ltd, LONDON 1978)

He was "an ardent supporter of civil and religious liberty" From Harvard University Law Library "In judicial fairness, legal knowledge and ability, clearness of statement and unbending integrity, he has had few if any superiors on the English Bench. Over the civil rights of his countrymen he exercised a jealous watchfulness." (Enc Brit 11th ed). Sir John Holt repeatedly directed acquittals of suspected witches and inevitably his judgements were imitated by judges in lesser courts, thereby doing much to bring the witchcraft hysteria of seventeenth century England to an end.
1697 John sold Bridge Hall (p137).
End of 17th C Gooden was owned by James Holt of Stubley (p173).
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