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History of Lancashire

This is a summary in date order of the information contained within the Victoria History of the County of Lancaster. It was published in 1906 and consists of eight volumes describing the inhabitants of the county which was taken from actual documentary evidence. References are to Volume 4 of History of Lancashire unless otherwise stated
1700 - 1749
1700 Sir John Holt was involved in the case of Ashby vs White ( p.305 Ref Stuart England by J P Kenyon, Penguin Books Ltd, LONDON 1978)
"This celebrated case dated back to the election of 1700, when the Tory Mayor of Lord Whartons borough of Aylesbury struck several Whig voters off the electoral list. Wharton financed one of them, a cobbler named Ashby, to bring an action at the Assizes, which he won. The mayor, White, appealed to Queen`s Bench, which reversed the judgement 3 to 1 on the grounds that this was a matter for the House of Commons. But the lone dissentient was the Whig Lord Chief Justice, Holt, who held that a vote was a species of property, and therefore came within the cognizence of the courts. By this time it was 1703, but Ashby (and Wharton) took the case on to the House of Lords. . . . ."

A long story in which other objectives (such as an argument between the 2 Houses to force a general election) were evident, finally resulted in the Aylesbury men being imprisoned and parliament being dissolved by Queen Anne as necessitated by the Triennial Act.
1700 Richard, younger son of the Richard who fought in the Civil war, with brothers William (described as of York) and Thomas came into possession of Ashworth, which they sold. There were also sisters Elizabeth and Mary. Mrs Grantham, mother of Dorothea Holt left 30 to the poor of Castleton and Rochdale (p201).
1704 James Holt and wife Dorothy held manors of Castleton, Naden and Marland (p203). see also 1712 entry.
1707 "The effect of this long-drawn-out crisis was to increase Godolphin`s reliance on the junto peers; it was they who defended him in the Lords for allowing the Act of Security to pass, it was they who framed the Aliens Act, and it was they who dominated the Commission for the Union Treaty - and not just Somers, Wharton, Halifax and Sunderland, but their allies Archbishop Tenison and Lord Chief Justice Holt." ( p.312 Ref Stuart England by J P Kenyon, Penguin Books Ltd, LONDON 1978)

This relates to the way the union with Scotland was achieved and the setting up of the first parliament of Great Britain with Scots representatives. "Queen Anne cordially hated the Junto" (perhaps because they seemed to be always pressing for power).
1708 James Holt made a settlement of his lands to wife Dorothy, Vincent Grantham and Edward Jodrell (p131).
1710 Fine recorded Thomas Winchley v Alexander, Edward and Willliam Holt (vol 6 Whalley).
1712 James Holt born 1647, Brasenose College Oxford. (Stubley) died. His 4 daughters became co-heirs - Frances, Elizabeth, Isabella and Mary. Mary and husband Samuel Chetham of Turton purchased all and improved Castleton Hall (p224).
James Holt augmented the endowment to Rochdale Grammar School (founded in1564) by 100. Richard Holt released Balderston Hall to his 2 sons Thomas and Richard London merchants (HR p320)
1713 John Holt`s son Richard sold Balderstone Hall (p203).
1720 Mrs Jane Holt of Shevington, gave 70 for woollen cloth for the poor - previously 60 (vol 6)
>1721 Lower Hey and Lowerplace in Rochdale was occupied by a branch of the Holt family (possibly of Stubley) since the early 17th century (HR p 232)
1724 Holt`s of Ashworth had always allowed 4 to the ministers of the Church (p179).
1725 Edward, son of Robert Holt of Wigan, inherited land from Henry Brown which descended by 2 daughters to General Clegg and Thomas Case (vol.4 Wigan, p105)
1732 Blainscough was sold to Richard Holt of Wigan but in1836 was the property of George Case of Liverpool (vol 6)
1737 Little Mitton Hall passed to the Beaumonts on the death of Elizabeth nee Holt his wife.(vol 6 p389) who had owned it since 1665. There was a screen with the initials TDH thought to be of Sir Thomas Holt and Dorothy ( Longford) his wife, suggesting that it had been brought from Gristlehurst. Sir Thomas Holt of Gristlehurst died in 1562 which would place the screen about mid 16th century.
1741 A benefaction of 100 given by Edward Holt plus 2 other similar ones - this may be the Holt charity earliest recorded in 1788 (p232).
1745 The invasion did not touch Rochdale, but Valentine Holt joined the young pretender at Manchester and was shot in Carlisle (p189).
General information:- Prestwich Church, the Langley chantry was founded by Agnes wife of Thomas Holt (p75). Haslem Hey was held by the Holt`s of Stubley at some time (p135). William Holt the Jesuit was a distinguished man in the Middleton parish- no dates (p151). Rochdale, in 1724, was a market town with woollen manufacturers. There was one manor and Holts of Stubley were the principal resident family (p188).
They also claimed the manor of Naden - no dates (p207).
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